Reform the Zebra Crossing into a Safer Nebra Crossing
crossing had some serious drawbacks.
the zebra crossing from the drivers’ point of view
stripes of zebra crossing are parallel to the direction of moving of
the vehicles. Due to the perspective effect, these white stripes in
the driver's point of view look form a huge forward arrow, suggesting
the driver to continue driving or speeding up, rather than suggesting
them slowing down.
the related traffic signs
encourging the drivers to speed up
At the same
time, the white stripes of zebra crossing are perpendicular to the walking
route of the pedestrians, making them mistakenly think there are obstacles
on the road, so they can not help but look at the feet, rather than
using all their attention to observe and escape from the vehicles.
what pedestrians see
what pedestrians feel
what pedestrians do
zebra crossing: the result of inertial thinking
I suggest rotating the white stripes of zebra crossing
(ZXing) by ninety degrees. This newly designed crosswalk line can be
called nebra crossing (NXing), because the letter Z, after turning ninety
degrees, becomes the letter N.
size unit: cm, by Huang Ji, 2018
the nebra crossing from the drivers’ point of view
Nebra crossing's white dashed lines, perpendicular to
the vehicles' moving directions, will remind drivers to slow down. It
is passing the similar information to yield line to drivers: slow down,
and, if necessary, yield.
the related traffic signs
give way marks in UK
slow down and yield lines in China
what pedestrians see in the front of nebra crossing
Nebra crossing's white stripes are parallel to the pedestrian's walking direction, allowing them to observe and avoid the vehicles with all their attention.
Nebra crossing has yellow warning lines at both ends, which reminds
pedestrians to enter the road carefully.
crosswalk warning lines in USA
crosswalk warning lines in France
The world traffic safety situation is very bad.
accident on zebra crossing
public interest advertising: Every 10 hours a pedestrian doesn't get to the other side.
public interest advertising: One out of ten traffic victims is a pedestrian.
The World Health Organization's Global Status Report
on Road Safety 2015 revealed that people who died in traffic accidents
in 2013 were as high as 1.25 million, of whom 22% were pedestrians -
approximately 275,000 deaths a year globally. Africa's ratio is as high
WHO's data, 2015
WHO's data, 2015
According to WHO, an adult pedestrian has less than a 20% chance of dying if struck by a car at less than 50 km/h but almost a 60% risk of dying if hit at 80 km/h.
Another study shows more serious results: a 60% risk of dying if hit
at 50 km/h，almost a 100% risk of dying if hit at 80 km/h.
Data source: GB51038-2015, China
Above WHO's report says: Ensuring safety measures are implemented when road infrastructure projects are designed can result in important safety gains for all road users. This is particularly true where road design and maintenance are underpinned by a Safe System approach, that makes allowances for human error.
So, when the traffic marks are being designed, it is very important
to think of and prepare for the worst situation.
talking on a cellphone while driving
texting while driving
fatigue and drowsy driving
In March 2010, a Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011–2020 was officially proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly.
This action's target is saving five millions of lives.
In September 2015 the United Nations launched the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) include two targets that relate to road safety, one in SDG 3 (on health), and one in SDG 11 (on transport for sustainable cities):
3.6. By 2020, halve the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents.
11.2. By 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and
sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, notably
by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of
those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities
and older persons.
the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), UN, 2015
It is a hard work to halve the traffic road deaths in
a short four-years. Hope the NXing (nebra crossing) will be helpful.
contact me: jhuang [at] comm.ecnu.edu.cn
The History of Zebra Crossing ______ Public Interest Advertising about ZXing ______ Chinese Version
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