Reform the Zebra Crossing into a Safer Nebra Crossing ____ Public Interest Advertising about ZXing

The History of Crosswalks and Their Changes

----------------------------------

Contents

Ancient Rome era: Pompeii
1868, Gas lights, London
1910, Signal machines
1910s, Painted lines, USA
1930s, Embryonic form of zebra crossing, Belisha beacon, UK
1940s, Traffic safety slogan, Kerb drill
1949, Zebra crossing invented, UK
1962, Panda crossing test, UK
The reformations of zebra crossing
Creative zebra crossings are not safe

--------------------------------------

Ancient Rome era: Pompeii

------------------------- back to contents -----------------------------

 

1868, Gas lights, London

John Peake Knight.

------------------------- back to contents -----------------------------

  

1910, Signal machines

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pedestrian_crossing

http://hubpages.com/technology/Who-invented-the-traffic-light

http://www.smart-magazine.com/en/history-traffic-lights/

------------------------- back to contents -----------------------------

 

1910s, Painted lines, USA

During the 1910s, there were few crosswalks painted on the street, and they were generally ignored by pedestrians.

http://portside.org/2015-01-21/forgotten-history-how-automakers-invented-crime-jaywalking

Woodward Avenue, Detroit, 1917.

London, 1920s.

------------------------- back to contents -----------------------------

 

1930s, Embryonic form of zebra crossing, Belisha beacon, UK

Pedestrian crossings, marked by large metal studs in the road surface, London, 1934.

Pedestrian Crossing Road Studs.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belisha_beacon

note the early pedestrian crossing sign, a solid (not lit or flashing) amber ball on a black and white striped pole.

https://birminghamhistory.co.uk/forum/index.php?threads/dudley-road.38888/#post-433832

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belisha_beacon

note the early pedestrian crossing sign, a solid (not lit or flashing) amber ball on a black and white striped pole.

https://birminghamhistory.co.uk/forum/index.php?threads/dudley-road.38888/#post-433832

2010s.

London, 1934.

Our Waifs and Strays, Oct. 1934.

UK, 1930s.

London.

Cartoon, Punch, 18 July 1934.

If the new white lines fail, the authorities intend to install the system at all crossing-places. Use of the system will be compulsory, and pedestrians attempting to cross by any other means will be liable to a fine of forty shillings and imprisonment for fifteen years with hard labour.

London, 1934.

The same place, 2007.

1930s.

West Yorkshire, UK, 1935.

Birmingham, UK, 1939.

Bristol, UK, 1939.

UK, 1945.

Painting, by Harry Thomason, 1947.

2007.

------------------------- back to contents -----------------------------

 

1940s, Traffic safety slogan, Kerb drill

18 July 1940, Prizes awarded for safety slogans:

"Courtesy and caution say obey the traffic," $5, Edith Dobelstein

"Watch that step, It could be your last," $3.75, Anna B. Herr

"Before crossing the street, use your eyes and then your feet," $2.50, Zilpah Coogle

"Jay Walk, you won't be missed," $1.25, Mrs. C.A. Reese

Florida, USA, 18 July 1940.

---------------------

Kerb Drill

Film:

UK, 1946.

 

------------------------- back to contents -----------------------------

 

1949, Zebra crossing invented, UK

George Charlesworth:

He led teams working on intersection design, area-wide traffic signal control to minimise delay and a variety of other projects.

He was at the forefront of the search for a safer and more acceptable form of pedestrian crossing.

http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/opinion/obituaries/article3137462.ece

Manchester, UK, 1954.

Birmingham, UK.

Birmingham, UK.

-----------------

http://www.theanswerbank.co.uk/Quizzes-and-Puzzles/Question1060623.html

James Callaghan:

1947-1950, Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Transport

On being shown a black and white design, Callaghan is said to have remarked that it resembled a zebra.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Callaghan

Jay Walker invented the zebra crossing? a humor:

Poster, 1936 or 1937.

Poster.

Zebra crossing with Belisha Beacons.

New Zealand.

China.

Federal Highway Administration, FHWA, USA.

other designs:

Not white, but yellow:

Hong Kong.

------------------------- back to contents -----------------------------

 

1962 - 1965, Panda crossing, UK

Animation Film.

Opening ceremony.

Poster.

Please test the panda crossing's signal system.

http://www.cbrd.co.uk/articles/pedestrian-crossings/4.shtml

------------------------- back to contents -----------------------------

 

The reformations of zebra crossing

A speed bump before zebra crossing can reduce 80% accidents.

http://www.riggott.co.uk/history-zebra-crossing/

Two in one: speed bump and zebra crossing.

3D zebra crossing.

Luminescent zebra crossing, 2012.

Smart Crosswalk.

Safe Walk.

Wen Zhou, China, 2014.

------------------------- back to contents -----------------------------

 

Creative zebra crossings are not safe

any new materials are welcome.

contact me: jhuang[at]comm.ecnu.edu.cn

back to top


Reform the Zebra Crossing into a Safer Nebra Crossing ____ Public Interest Advertising about ZXing